Begin Main Content Area

Cyber Security

Are you Safe Online?

Individual users and businesses need to follow cybersecurity tips, keep their computers equipped with updated security software and technologies and, if appropriate, have their systems checked over by a qualified computer technician.  Authorities urge every computer owner to be informed about the trends in cybercrime, as well as about available cyber security technologies to abort any threat of attacks.

Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity

Recognizing that the national and economic security of the United States depends on the reliable functioning of critical infrastructure, the President issued Executive Order 13636, Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity, in February 2013. It directed NIST to work with stakeholders to develop a voluntary framework – based on existing standards, guidelines, and practices - for reducing cyber risks to critical infrastructure.

NIST released the first version of the Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity on February 12, 2014. The Framework, created through collaboration between industry and government, consists of standards, guidelines, and practices to promote the protection of critical infrastructure. The prioritized, flexible, repeatable, and cost-effective approach of the Framework helps owners and operators of critical infrastructure to manage cybersecurity-related risk.

The Department of Homeland Security's Critical Infrastructure Cyber Community C³ Voluntary Program helps align critical infrastructure owners and operators with existing resources that will assist their efforts to adopt the Cybersecurity Framework and manage their cyber risks. Learn more about the C³ Voluntary Program .

NIST is also pleased to issue a companion Roadmap that discusses NIST's next steps with the Framework and identifies key areas of cybersecurity development, alignment, and collaboration.
In the interest of continuous improvement, NIST will continue to receive and consider informal feedback about the Framework and Roadmap. As has been the case throughout the process, organizations and individuals may contribute observations, suggestions, and lessons learned to

Information Technology Security Policies

The Pennsylvania Office of Administration/Office for Information Technology (OA/OIT) has established Information technology (IT) related policies and procedures for the agencies in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania under the Governor's jurisdiction for several key purposes, including the following: 1) to help standardize activities among the agencies; 2) to facilitate collaboration among the agencies; and 3) to increase efficiency and lower associated costs. Provided below are links to OA/OIT's Cyber security and policy websites and, additionally, a table highlighting those policies that pertain specifically to the security domain. Polices established by OA/OIT are referred to as Information Technology Bulletins (ITBs) and are therefore coded with this designation. (Source: Office of Administration/Office of Information Technology). For more information please visit OA/IT Security Website or OA/IT Security Policies.

Continuity Planning

Continuity planning is a simple business practice of ensuring the execution of essential functions through all circumstances.  In the event of a natural disaster, accidents, technological emergencies or terrorist attack-related incidents, there is a  need for a robust continuity of operations plan that will enable organizations to continue their essential functions across a broad spectrum of emergencies.

Links to Continuity Planning Online Resources:

DHS Critical Infrastructure Cyber Community (C3) Voluntary Program

The Critical Infrastructure Cyber Community (C3) Voluntary Program is a public-private partnership to help connect business, federal government agencies, academia, and state, local, tribal and territorial (SLTT) government partners to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and other Federal government programs and resources that will assist their efforts in managing their cyber risks and using the NIST Cybersecurity Framework. (Sources:  U.S. Department of Homeland Security & U.S. CERT)

DHS CSET - Department of Homeland Security Cyber Security Evaluation Tool

The Cyber Security Evaluation Tool (CSET®) is a self-contained software tool which runs on a desktop or laptop computer. It evaluates the cybersecurity of an automated, industrial control or business system using a hybrid risk and standards-based approach, and provides relevant recommendations for improvement.  The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Control Systems Security Program (CSSP) developed the CSET application, and offers it to all through the United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team's (US-CERT) website.

How it Works

CSET helps asset owners to assess their information and operational systems cybersecurity practices by asking a series of detailed questions about system components and architecture, as well as operational policies and procedures. These questions are derived from accepted industry cybersecurity standards.  Once the self-assessment questionnaire is complete, CSET provides a prioritized list of recommendations for increasing cybersecurity posture, including solutions, common practices, compensating actions, and component enhancements or additions. The tool also identifies what is needed to achieve a desired level of cybersecurity within a system's specific configurations.

Getting Started

Get started by downloading CSET. To learn more about CSET or to request a CD copy of the software, contact For general program questions or comments, contact or visit

National Information Sharing & Analysis Centers (ISACs)

Information Sharing and Analysis Centers help critical infrastructure owners and operators protect their facilities, personnel and customers from cyber and physical security threats and other hazards. ISACs collect, analyze and disseminate actionable threat information to their members and provide members with tools to mitigate risks and enhance resiliency. ISACs reach deep into their sectors, communicating critical information far and wide and maintaining sector-wide situational awareness.

National Information Sharing & Analysis Centers:

  • Automotive ISAC
  • Aviation ISAC
  • Communication ISAC
  • Defense Industrial Base ISAC
  • Defense Security Information Exchange
  • Downstream National Gas ISAC
  • Electricity ISAC
  • Emergency Management & Response ISAC
  • Financial Services ISAC
  • Heathcare Ready
  • Information Technology ISAC
  • Maritime ISAC
  • Multi-State ISAC
  • National Health ISAC
  • Oil & Natural Gas ISAC
  • Real Estate ISAC
  • Research & Education ISAC
  • Retail Cyber Intelligence Sharing Center
  • Supply Chain ISAC
  • Surface Transportation, Public Transportation & Over-the-Road ISAC
  • Water ISAC

A Unified Message for Reporting Message for Reporting to the Federal Government – U.S. Department of Homeland Security

This fact sheet, Cyber Incident Reporting:  A Unified Message for Reporting to the Federal Government, explains when, what, and how to report a cyber incident to the federal government.

Law Enforcement Cyber Incident Reporting Unified Message

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the International Association of Chiefs of Police, in partnership with law enforcement agencies across the country, have released the Law Enforcement Cyber Incident Reporting Unified Message. This document details different ways law enforcement partners can report suspected or confirmed cyber incidents to the federal government. The Unified Message can be viewed in the Law Enforcement Cyber Incident Reporting section of

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

The FBI Cyber Division heads national efforts to investigate and prosecute internet crimes, including cyber based terrorism, espionage, computer intrusions and major cyber fraud.  This division works through the National Cyber Investigative Joint Task Force (NCIJTF) and cyber investigative squads in each FBI field office. FBI – Cyber Crime Website

Department of Homeland Security – Combating Cyber Crimes

DHA components such as the U.S. Secret Service and U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement have special divisions dedicated to fighting  cyber crime.  DHS – Combating CyberCrime Website

Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT)

The Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) works to reduce risks within and across all critical infrastructure sectors by partnering with law enforcement agencies and the intelligence community and coordinating efforts among Federal, state, local, and tribal governments and control systems owners, operators, and vendors. Additionally, ICS-CERT collaborates with international and private sector Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) to share control systems-related security incidents and mitigation measures. ICS-CERT Website

Federal Communication Commission Small Business Cyber Planner

The Small Biz Cyber Planner is available at FCC' s Cyberplanner.

US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT)

Cyber Incident Reporting - US CERT is responsible for analyzing and reducing cyber threats and vulnerabilities, disseminating cyber threat warning information, and coordinating incident response activities.  It is 24-hour operational arm of the DHS National Cyber Security Division (NCSD).  If you need to report an incident to US CERT, go to U.S. CERT Cyber Incident Reporting.